Phonics

Introduction

At Bridlewood Primary school we use a synthetic phonics method which teaches the children the letter sounds. As they build up a bank of letter sounds, they are taught to blend them together to achieve the full pronunciation of whole words. To help the children learn the phonemes (letter sounds) we put actions with each letter. Below you will find video clips linked to each phoneme they will be taught. The videos include; how to pronouce the letter, the action we use and how we write the letter.

The Phonics Book shows practical examples of where the children may use these sounds.

Additional Resources

Please take a look at the presentations for additional guidance on understanding phonics and how you can help your child at home.


A companion guide to the Year 1 Phonics Screening Check can be found here

Phonics Glossary

blend - to draw individual sounds together to pronounce a word, e.g. s-n-a-p, blended together, reads snap

cluster - two (or three) letters making two (or three) sounds, e.g. the first three letters of 'straight' are a consonant cluster

digraph - two letters making one sound, e.g. sh, ch, th, ph.

Trigraph - three letters making one sound, e.g. air, igh, ure.

vowel digraphs comprise of two vowels which, together, make one sound, e.g. ai, oo, ow

split digraph - two letters, split, making one sound, e.g. a-e as in make or i-e in site

grapheme - a letter or a group of letters representing one sound, e.g. sh, ch, igh, ough (as in 'though')

grapheme-phoneme correspondence (GPC) - the relationship between sounds and the letters which represent those sounds; also known as 'letter-sound correspondences'

mnemonic - a device for memorising and recalling something, such as a snake shaped like the letter 'S'

phoneme - the smallest single identifiable sound, e.g. the letters 'sh' represent just one sound, but 'sp' represents two (/s/ and /p/)

segment (vb) - to split up a word into its individual phonemes in order to spell it, e.g. the word 'cat' has three phonemes: /c/, /a/, /t/

VC, CVC, CCVC - the abbreviations for vowel-consonant, consonant-vowel-consonant, consonant-consonant-vowel-consonant, and are used to describe the order of letters in words, e.g. am, Sam, slam